The name given to Israel by the Romans after their destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. The word ‘Palestine’ is derived from the Philistines (Plishtim, meaning invaders), the traditional enemies and nemesis of Israel.
Aliyah is the word that describes the return of the Jewish People from the exile in the Diaspora back to the Land of Israel. The word Aliyah is derived from the verb "laalot" which means "to go up", or "to ascend" in a positive spiritual sense. A person who makes Aliyah is called an Oleh, meaning "one who goes up".